State Betting Information

Online Sports Betting Information

Caroline Garcia, who is in the field for this week's Western and Southern Open, looks back on a career highlight - her 2017 titles at the Wuhan and China Opens.

Online sports betting information in other countries has been going on since the time of dial-up modems.

Those countries understood something that eluded the United States until 2018.

The realization was that people were going to gamble and laws designed to prevent gambling made gambling all the more attractive, so why not regulate and tax rather than pursue and prosecute.

Tax revenue is like oxygen to politicians, except for the reality that it is possible to consume too much oxygen, but when it comes to politicians and revenue, there is never enough.

When the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a federal ban on states legalizing online sports betting information in May of 2018, the floodgates on the world’s most lucrative betting market were opened.

The Supreme Court’s decision gave each of the 50 states the ability to decide at the state level whether to permit sportsbook betting within their borders. Many states already had some form of casino gambling and some of that was legally conducted online, but up until that time, anyone who wanted to place a legal bet on sporting events had to go into a physical location, such as the state of Nevada.

Three other states, Delaware, Montana and Oregon, escaped the restriction that had been in place by virtue of having been operating before the law prohibiting online sportsbook betting information.

With 50 states making 50 decisions, confusion was sure to arise.

For anyone interested in making online sports betting information wagers, the thing to know about the geographical considerations is that you do not have to reside in a state with legal online sports betting in order to participate.

You only have to be physically present in a legal state in order to participate.

States that have embraced legal online sports betting informations since 2018 have captured windfall tax revenue and after four years, other states are looking to jump on the bandwagon, secure in the knowledge that some of their residents were crossing state borders in order to bet, depriving the state of any share of the pot.

The loss of that revenue often overcame any moral objections to online sportsbook betting and four years into the process, society has not imploded and very little has changed other than people who were once criminals for wanting a little bet on some sports contest are now members of good standing in society.

Keeping tabs on which state does what is definitely a cat-herding scenario, as things are changing constantly, but here is where things stand of a state-by-state basis as of late November of 2022.

Alabama – Alabama does not offer online or in-person betting. This part of Dixie does not even have a state lottery and Alabamians cannot participate in the national lotteries, such as Powerball. Many residents, knowing that they are surrounded by Mississippi, Georgia, Florida and Tennessee simply cross the border to buy lottery tickets at retailers near the Alabama borders.

If someone from Alabama were to win on a ticket purchased in another state, Alabama would not decline to accept the state income tax a lottery win would generate.

There was a bill in the Alabama legislature for the 2022 legislative session, but the session ended without a vote on the bill.

There is some speculation that Alabama might follow the lead of Tennessee and start with online betting only, but it looks like a big ask in a state where religious considerations receive priority.

Alabama currently has three tribal brick-and-mortar casinos and some of the other states specify that there must be a casino associated with an online operation, but some thinking suggests that Alabama will need to have a state lottery to administer online sports betting information.

There could be some action in 2023, but it remains to be seen if Alabama will join the 21st century before it becomes the 22nd century.

Alaska – It does not seem as though Alaska has any interest in establishing online sports betting.

Maybe if dogsled mushing was one of the sports?

Unlike Alabama, residents of Alaska cannot easily cross state lines to have a bet. This is bad for Alaskans who are interested in betting online, but the loss of Alaska, with its sparse population, does not seem to be keeping online sportsbook operators awake at night.

Arizona – This state passed a sports betting bill in early 2021. The bill authorizes online wagering and retail sportsbook operations in some stadiums. Bets can be placed at the arena that is home to the NBA’s Phoenix Suns and Caesars has a retail site at the stadium where the Arizona Diamondbacks play home games.

Other sportsbooks are in the process of winning rights to the stadium of the Phoenix Cardinals and even one for the golf course where the golf course in Scottsdale where the Waste Management Open is played.

Arizona appears to be one of the leading states when it comes to handle per capita. They are currently in the top 10 states in terms of the amount wagered each month.

Arizona currently has 18 online sportsbooks and there are 15 physical locations offering retail betting.

Arkansas – Up until 2019, it was possible to place a sports bet at any of the three physical casinos in Arkansas. In early 2022, the Arkansas Joint Budget Committee brought sports betting online and the first sportsbook went live in March.

As of this moment in late 2022, Arkansas can be said to have full mobile betting. They currently have two sportsbooks and they could expand to permit an additional six sportsbooks.

The big online sportsbook operators seem wary of opening in Arkansas due to the requirement that they go through one of the physical casinos and give those casinos 51 percent of the take.

California – As of late 2022, California does not authorize online or in-person sports betting. There were two measures on the ballot for the 2022 election. Both were soundly defeated and both were tied to licenses on Native American Land.

The major sportsbooks are trying to get into California by partnering with Native American tribes, but the tribes want no part of it.   

Of the 50 states, California is considered the Holy Grail of sportsbook markets as the most populous state in the country.

There could be new developments in the next year or the years after and we expect the lobbyists to pull out all the stops and pressure California officials to get with the program.

Colorado – Colorado is a friendly place for gamblers.

They started with scratch-off lotteries back in the early 80s. The early 90s saw small stakes wagering for slot machines and Black Jack. Limits were removed and Colorado is now like a miniature Las Vegas around the small mountain towns of Black Hawk, Central City and Cripple Creek.

Online sports betting launched in May of 2020. The measure approved by voters in 2019 provided for each of the state’s 33 casinos to apply for a license for both online and retail sports betting.

By our count, there are 25 sportsbooks operations in Colorado as of late 2022. There are many of which we had never heard of, but the Colorado Division of Gaming knows who they are and none of them have names such as Vinnie’s Good Place to Bet.

Connecticut – The Constitution State has full mobile betting through deals with two Native American tribes to run online sports betting and the state lottery in May of 2021. The state started permitting in-person betting late in the summer and DraftKings, FanDuel and Sugarhouse (now Rivers Casino in Philadelphia) all going online in October of 2021.

The state law provides for up to 15 retail locations. Some of the major sportsbooks have locations in at least one casino, so state residents will not lack for options.

Connecticut will attract some customers from Massachusetts, where legalization is due in the early part of 2023. They also have to compete with New York, which recently began offering online sportsbook betting.

Delaware – Delaware holds the bragging rights to being the first state, aside from Nevada, to accept a legal single-game sports bet. That bet came in early June of 2018, a matter of weeks following the Supreme Court decision. They beat New Jersey by several weeks.

Sports betting in Delaware is currently only available at just three retail sportsbooks.

They came out of the gate first, and then pulled back, leaving the surrounding states to make all the gains.

This is somewhat puzzling, since Delaware has legalized online sportsbook betting, but has yet to launch. The other puzzler is that Delaware has been involved with gaming and horse racing since before the founding of the country.

Sports betting is run by the state lottery division and the division has no set timeline for when it will offer online betting, but the small size of Delaware and the number of surrounding states with full access to online sportsbooks means that a Delaware resident could drive from the middle of Delaware to a legal state with ease.

Florida – The Sunshine State had legal online sports betting for the last two months of 2021.

Betting was halted when a federal judge overruled and agreement that would have given the Native American Seminole tribe sole jurisdiction over the state’s betting markets. The matter is now moving glacially through the court system.

An attempt was made to get sports betting on the 2022 ballot through a petition campaign. There were not enough signatures gathered to qualify for the ballot.

Some experts predict that Florida will not legalize sports betting for a few years. There could be another ballot measure in 2024 or the Seminole Nation might possibly accept a reduced role, compared to the stranglehold it currently holds.

A stranglehold on nothing is not exactly a great bargaining position, so it remains to be seen how the situation plays out.  

Georgia – Well, we dig those Georgia Peaches. They make us feel right at home.

We do not do any betting there, however, as there are no legal ways to bet in Georgia, so bettors will need to blow on down the road to find legal sports betting.

The best guesses are that Georgia will have to wait for late 2023 or 2024 to get something done. The Democratic gubernatorial candidate had plans to promote legal casinos and sports betting in the state, but Stacey Abrams lost and there is no clear picture if the incumbent and now-reelected Jack Kemp will hinder or advance the effort to bring Georgia to betting of any kind.

It appears as though there is popular support for sports betting, but the moralists in the statehouse do not always follow the will of the people that elected them, similar to how the population of the U.S. supports abortion rights, but is getting misrepresented by a handful of powerful old men.

Hawaii – The Aloha State does not permit legal gambling of any kind. A bill was introduced in January of 2022. It was basically a copy of the bill that made it through in New York, except the bill’s sponsors wanted to charge even higher tax. It is hard to beat New York State when it comes to taxing things.

The Hawaii legislative session ended before any action could be taken on the bill.

Idaho – The state of Idaho is one of two states, the other being Utah, west of the Mississippi River that does not appear to have any interest whatsoever in making legalized gambling available to state residents.

The earliest anything might change is 2024. Sportsbooks are eager to capture every penny they can, but none of them seems heartbroken over Idaho.

Illinois – With a large population and the primary city of Chicago being home to franchises from all four major sports, Illinois is possibly behind only California, Texas and New York in terms of desirability for sportsbook operators.

In-person betting began in early March of 2020, in the attempt to be ready for the NCAA basketball tournament, but the plan never materialized due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

Online sports betting in Illinois launched in June of 2020 and after the state did away with a requirement that all online bettors register in person, Illinois started to roll.

As of 2022, Illinois is in the top five states for handle and tax generated.

There are currently seven online sportsbooks operating in Illinois and anyone who wants to have a bet on college games in Illinois still has to place the bet in person. 

Indiana – Indiana state law permits online sportsbook betting. It became available in early October of 2019, about a month after in-person betting was rolled out. Those debuts were less than six months after the law was signed into effect.

Indiana regulations provide for up to 40 sportsbook operations in the state. As of late 2022, it appears that 14 are operating.

The state has a good population, though, making it attractive to sportsbooks and it is entirely possible to speculate that Indiana had to get in the action or accept neighboring Illinois or Michigan stealing all the Indiana punters.

Iowa – In-person betting was taking place in Iowa beginning in 2019. January 1 of 2021 marked the debut on online betting. Before that date, there was betting to be had, but customers were required to sign up at a physical casino first.

Ten sportsbooks currently operate in Iowa – mostly the big industry names, such as BetMGM, FanDuel, DraftKings, and etcetera.

All sports are fair game for bettors, with the exception of college player prop markets, which are in place, you know, to protect the integrity of “amateur” college sports.

Most states have imposed a similar ban on college player prop betting.

Kansas – The Sunflower state has been a surprising adopter of online and in-person sportsbook gambling. There was already some tribal gambling taking place. The tribes could possibly be on the receiving end of an update and upgrade to their gambling compacts if they can form alliances with one or more online sportsbook operators.

The Kansas law passed in 2022 and sportsbooks began taking bets on September 1, the first day of the 2022 – 2023 NFL season.

The state got underway with six licensed sportsbooks and two casinos accepting sports bets and will permit up to 12 online sportsbooks. Two other casinos are expected to start taking sports bets in the coming months.

The state law provides for betting kiosks in retail locations, including the stadiums where the Kansas City Chiefs and the Kansas City Royals play. These will be set up and supervised by casinos. The online sports betting information is still in discussion.

Kentucky – There is no legal gambling taking place in Kentucky. It could be that the sportsbooks, like us, cannot find Kentucky. The Kansas State Legislature looked as though it had a bill ready to pass, but it suffered a sudden demise when the bill that had made it through the house could not secure enough Republican support in the state senate. It would have given racetracks control over retail and online operators.

The Governor of Kentucky is on board with legalized gambling in the Bluegrass State, although it appears that the best chance of passing a bill will not be until 2024, due to the state laws concerning how the legislature functions in odd versus even-numbered years.

Louisiana – Voters in Louisiana overwhelmingly supported the approval of legal sports betting. You would think that a state that puts on the Mardi Gras would have little trouble with any of the moral prohibitions that have seen other states shy away.

There was zero trouble. Only nine of Louisiana’s 64 parishes voted against the measure in November of 2020.

In-person betting commenced in October of 2021. Three months later, the first online sportsbooks launched.

The Louisiana law permits up to 41 different mobile wagering apps. They have stolen a march on the other southeastern states, which will have residents of those neighboring states jumping in their cars and head down the Louisiana Highway across Lake Pontchartrain for a visit to Baton Rouge and Lafayette, depriving those states of money that Louisiana will gladly accept.

Maine – A law authorizing in-person and online sports betting was passed in mid-April of 2022. It was immediately signed by the governor less than two weeks later.

The state has not yet taken any online bets, but four online sportsbooks are waiting in the wings to forge agreements with the four native tribes that will oversee wagering in the state.

Some details that have emerged are that the sportsbooks will pay a 10 percent tax on their revenue plus $200,000 and the tribes will be required to ante $40,000 every four years.

Maryland – This state will be going online in December of 2022. Maryland is already accepting in-person betting. In-person betting began in late 2020.

The state is in the process of conducting a study that will determine when applications from sportsbooks can be accepted and rules for those operators can be drafted.

Of the states that have legalized, Maryland is the slowest in going from a law to any actual action.

When the dust settles, Maryland will authorize as many as 60 online sportsbooks, along with 30 retail sites.

As of late November 2022, Governor Larry Hogan is chomping at the bit to get busy spending the estimated tax revenue the state projects for online sports wagering.

Massachusetts – The Bay state has authorized online and in-person sports betting and the timeline seems to indicate a launch in early 2023.

The law made it across the finish line in the waning minutes of the 2022 legislative session.

The tax vig is going to be huge: 15% on retail betting and 20% online.

There will be no online sports betting information or offline betting permitted on Massachusetts colleges, which is even more restrictive than it is in the states that permit college betting with the exception of no college player prop markets.

The details of the law provide for casinos being permitted to form partnerships with two online sportsbooks, while racetracks will be limited to one sportsbook partnership.

Michigan – Michigan got into the game with in-person wagering at the MGM Grand Detroit in early March of 2020.  

The state has already hit its limit of 15 online sportsbooks, because, you know, if there were 20 it might lead to problems.

With a sizeable population and sports teams from every major league sport and some major colleges, the locals will have a betting smorgasbord and the results so far place Michigan in the top 10 of legal states in terms of monthly handle.

Minnesota – This state may get something done in 2023, but the 2022 effort fell short. A bill that seemed on the way to passage was amended to provide for racetracks and professional sports teams (Minnesota has the Vikings, the Twins, the Timberwolves and the Wild) to obtain sports betting licenses. This angered the tribal interests into rescinding support for the bill.

If the bill passes in 2023, the tribes will be able to open retail sportsbooks at their casinos, which number almost 20. They would have to partner with the competition in order to run mobile betting apps.

At this time, it appears that any measure that does not give the tribes complete control will be blocked by those tribes.

Mississippi – The state currently has in-person wagering and many gamblers enjoy riverboat casinos, at least for as long as the Mississippi River is deep enough to float boats.

The state has mobile sports betting, but only if the bettor is physically at one of the retail locations. No betting from home, unless you live in a casino.

Mississippi actually approved retail online sports betting information in 2017 when the consensus view was that the Supreme Court would not lift the federal sportsbook ban.

Online sports betting information is encountering strong resistance due to politicians that hold moralistic opposition to gambling and many other forms of fun.

Missouri – Missouri has no state-authorized gambling as of late 2022. There could be some movement in the direction of gambling in 2023. The state house passed a bill, but it crashed and burned in the senate.

The opposition was fomented by a state senator that objected to a provision in the bill being removed that would have allowed for video lottery terminals in truck stops and gas stations. The casinos that wanted legal sports betting are opposed and we suppose that the truck stops and gas stations would not have cared for casinos selling fuel.

Missouri will come down to a question of money, as in; the one with the most money will win.

Montana – Montana is a big state, but there are only about one million people living there. In-person betting is okay; online sports betting is not.

The major sportsbooks do not seem overly concerned about lack of access to Montana, but if they are worried about the little bit of revenue they might lose if Missouri allows video lottery machines in truck stops and gas stations, they would probably leap at the chance to offer online sports betting information to the small Montana market. They could clean up on futures for the dental floss market.

Rafael Mendelson

Betting Expert / Contributor Since 2016


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